American Campaign Medal
|The American Campaign Medal was a
military decoration of the United States armed forces which was
first created on November 6, 1942 by Executive Order 9265 issued
by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Originally issued as the
“American Theater Ribbon”, the decoration was intended to
recognize those service members who had performed duty in the
American Theater of Operations during World War II.
To be awarded the American Campaign Medal, a service member was
required to either perform one year of duty (cumulative) within
the continental borders of the United States, or perform 30 days
consecutive/60 non-consecutive days of duty outside the borders
of the United States but within the American Theater of
Operations. The American Theater was defined as the
entirety of the United States to include most of the Atlantic
Ocean, a portion of Alaska, and a small portion of the Pacific
bordering California and Baja California.
The eligibility dates of the American Campaign Medal were from
December 7, 1941 to March 2, 1946. Service stars were
authorized to any service member who was engaged in actual
combat with Axis forces within the American theater. This
primarily applied to those members of the military which had
engaged in anti-U-Boat patrols in the Atlantic.
The American Campaign Medal was issued as a ribbon for the
entirety of the Second World War, and was only made a full sized
medal in 1947. The first recipient of the American
Campaign Medal was General of the Army George C. Marshall.